What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You: 15 common diseases that most people don’t know they have

Olu Ojo
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There are many diseases that affect people worldwide, some of which are well-known and receive significant attention from the medical community and media. However, there are also many common diseases that often go unnoticed and undiagnosed, which can have serious consequences for those who have them.

Here are 15 such diseases that most people don’t know they have

Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis
Source: Canva

This genetic disorder causes the body to absorb too much iron from food. Over time, the excess iron builds up in various organs such as the liver, pancreas, and heart, causing damage and leading to a range of health problems. Symptoms may include fatigue, joint pain, abdominal pain, and weakness. If left untreated, hemochromatosis can lead to serious complications such as liver cancer and heart disease. Treatment typically involves removing blood from the body to reduce iron levels.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome
Source: Canva

This is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is caused by an imbalance of hormones that leads to the growth of cysts on the ovaries. Symptoms may include irregular periods, weight gain, acne, and excessive hair growth. PCOS can also lead to infertility and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Treatment typically involves medication to regulate hormones and lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise.

Related: 15 Healthy Habits That Can Help You Achieve a Flat Stomach

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea
source: Canva

This is a condition where breathing stops and starts during sleep. It is often characterized by loud snoring and gasping for breath during sleep. Sleep apnea can lead to fatigue, daytime sleepiness, and an increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Treatment typically involves the use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine to help keep the airway open during sleep.

Celiac disease

Celiac disease
source: Canva

This is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body to react to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. This reaction leads to damage to the small intestine and a range of digestive problems such as diarrhea, bloating, and abdominal pain. Celiac disease can also lead to anemia, osteoporosis, and an increased risk of developing other autoimmune disorders. Treatment involves following a strict gluten-free diet.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
source: Canva

This is a group of lung diseases that make it difficult to breathe, such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Symptoms may include coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. COPD is often caused by smoking and can lead to a reduced quality of life and an increased risk of heart disease and lung cancer. Treatment typically involves medication to open up the airways, as well as lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking and avoiding exposure to air pollution.

Also read: What To Eat To Lose Weight: 15 Nutrient-dense Foods You Cannot Overeat

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis
source: Canva

This is a condition where bones become weak and fragile, increasing the risk of fractures and other injuries. Osteoporosis is often caused by a lack of calcium, vitamin D, and hormonal changes associated with aging. Symptoms may include back pain, a stooped posture, and loss of height. Treatment typically involves medication to increase bone density and lifestyle changes such as weight-bearing exercise and a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease
source: Canva

This is a condition where the kidneys gradually lose their function, leading to a range of health problems such as high blood pressure and anemia. Chronic kidney disease is often caused by diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as other health conditions such as polycystic kidney disease. Symptoms may include fatigue, swelling in the legs, and difficulty concentrating. Treatment typically involves medication to control blood pressure and blood sugar and lifestyle changes such as a low-salt diet and regular exercise.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism
source: Canva

This is a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to fatigue, weight gain, and other symptoms. Hypothyroidism is often caused by an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, as well as radiation treatment, surgery, and certain medications. Symptoms may also include cold intolerance, dry skin, and constipation. Treatment typically involves taking thyroid hormone replacement medication.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes
source: Canva

This is a condition where the body doesn’t produce or use insulin properly, leading to high blood sugar levels and a range of health problems such as heart disease and kidney disease. Type 2 diabetes is often caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of exercise, and poor diet. Symptoms may include increased thirst and urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as weight loss, exercise, and a healthy diet, as well as medication to control blood sugar levels.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Source: Canva

This is a condition where fat builds up in the liver, leading to inflammation and scarring that can eventually lead to liver damage and failure. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is often caused by obesity, high blood sugar, and high cholesterol levels. Symptoms may include fatigue, abdominal pain, and swelling in the legs. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as weight loss, exercise, and a healthy diet, as well as medication to control blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome
Source: Canva

This is a common digestive disorder that causes abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. IBS is often caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors such as stress, poor diet, and lack of exercise. Symptoms may also include fatigue, anxiety, and depression. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as stress management, dietary modifications, and medication to control symptoms.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis
Source: Canva

This is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of it, leading to pain, infertility, and other health problems. Endometriosis is often caused by hormonal imbalances and genetic factors. Symptoms may include painful periods, pain during sex, and infertility. Treatment typically involves medication to control pain and inflammation and surgery to remove the abnormal tissue.

Recommended: 15 Researched Facts on How Lemon Peel Benefits Can Prolong Your Life

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis
source: Canva

This is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and, eventually, joint damage. Rheumatoid arthritis is often caused by genetic and environmental factors such as smoking and exposure to certain viruses. Symptoms may also include fatigue, fever, and weight loss. Treatment typically involves medication to control inflammation and slow the progression of the disease.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia
source: Canva

This chronic condition causes widespread pain, fatigue, and other symptoms that can be difficult to diagnose. Fibromyalgia is often caused by genetic and environmental factors such as physical or emotional trauma. Symptoms may also include sleep disturbances, headaches, and depression. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication to control pain and other symptoms and lifestyle changes such as exercise and stress management.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis
Source: Guido4/Wikimedia Commons

This chronic disease affects the central nervous system, leading to a range of symptoms such as muscle weakness, difficulty with coordination, and problems with vision. Multiple sclerosis is often caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as viral infections and smoking. Symptoms may also include fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment. Treatment typically involves medication to slow the progression of the disease and manage symptoms.

 

In conclusion, there are many common diseases that often go unnoticed and undiagnosed, which can have serious consequences for those who have them. If you’re experiencing any symptoms related to these conditions, it’s important to talk to your doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. By taking proactive steps to manage these conditions, you can improve your quality of life and reduce your risk of developing serious complications.

Author

  • Olu Ojo

    My name is Olu. I am a passionate entrepreneur who loves to write about Pets, Home Improvement Hacks & Products, Fitness, and Travel Lifestyle. I have two bachelor's degrees in Veterinary Medicine and Applied Accounting with a CPA designation. I currently shuffle time between completing a Master of Business Administration Degree Education, Professional Practice, and Content writing. I have freelanced lifestyle content and posts for many top authority websites like MSN, and Wealth of Geeks.

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